Description / example of the type of argument

Type of deceptive argument

A campaign will not be effective, because no one will cooperate


Circular reasoning

I hope you will never be in those circumstances


Appeal to power

When you succeed, we will all pay for the consequences


Appeal to consequences

It is pointless to act, because somewhere else things are being worse


Appeal to figurative arguments

of course it is allowed what people do with animals, because man is smarter


Appeal to unknown arguments

I can give you examples of situations where animals were killed but many human lives were saved


Pars pro toto

You say you are pro animals, but you take advantage of them too


Getting personal

I study biology and I know why animal experimentation is necessary


Appeal to authority

Animals don't mind being used, because you can't prove they do


Appeal to ignorance

We have always used animals and that was very successful


Appeal to supposed relation

Most people agree with the use of animals


Appeal to supposed common sense

People lose their job when animals are no longer allowed to be used


Appeal to compassion

Every sane human being knows there is nothing wrong in using animals


Evasion of evidence

Granting rights to animals means treating them the same as humans


Distortion of arguments


This article is part of a series on falsities and demagogy

Non-valid arguments (deceptive arguments) for different groups:

10 myths about Vegans
factory farming
ignoring animal rights
advocating animal rights
experimentation with animals
hunting for pleasure
seal hunt
mink farming


Some arguments used in debate on the topics in the title simply are invalid.

That goes for pro and contra.

We selected a few of the most rigid arguments from different situations and placed an appropriate counterargument.

Because a more clear and honest way of reasoning helps improve the circumstances animals live in.

Mail us if you encounter other or new (counter)-arguments.

Apart from the specific issues there are the types of arguments in general.

Fallacies are deliberately or accidentally used in a debate. So be aware of the principles and the integrity of an opponent. Click here for tips on how to react to animal-unfriendly behavior of others.