1. Ethics and animal welfare
Freedom is a basic right for humans and animals. If severely restricting the freedom of animals to behave naturally diminishes this basic right, then the welfare of the animal will be damaged.
2. Public Health
Because of excessive use of antibiotics
in the fodder used in industrial farming,
we risk the creation of resistant strains
of bacteria in factory farm animals. When
meat from these animals is consumed by humans
the information about antibiotic resistance
is passed on to similar bacteria in the
human body which then also become resistant
to the same antibiotics that were used in
the animal fodder. This poses problems when
treating human bacteriological illnesses
such as pneumonia.
3. World food production
Agricultural areas in the Third World are being used to produce fodder for animals in our industrial farming system instead of producing food for local populations. This distorts the local economy.
4. Enjoying your neighborhood
The stench and noise of industrial farming (sometimes with open waste basins) makes living in the vicinity unpleasant and blights the properties in the area.
5. Landscape and bio-diversity
Large industrial farmers crowd out small farmers. Because of the creation of monocultures (grass and maize for fodder), the release (depositing) of heavy metals contained within the fertilizers into the soil and nutrient overkill generally, wildlife and landscape will deteriorate.
The following passage expands in detail on the shortcomings of industrial farming and industrial fishing.
Principal animal health and welfare arguments against the use of industrial animal husbandry systems presented to the world bank by the organization Compassion In World Farming.
What is wrong in factory farming?
One of the most important objections to
industrial farming is of an ethical nature.
Even if all the environmental problems could
be solved, and even if all the energy and
mineral accounts of the farmers were balanced,
then still the manner in which the industrial
farming industry treats animals is unacceptable.
Keeping as many animals as possible in a small space, without freedom of movement or the ability to express natural behavior can not be done other than in an animal unfriendly way. Not withstanding the changes to the law and regulation in the area of animal welfare and, even when taking into account the intrinsic value of the animal, it is not possible to guarantee the basic right to freedom for animals while industrial farming methods continue to be used.
Animals have no right in a legal sense, but they are legal objects: comparable to cars that can change owners and can be rented out. Contrary to humans, animals are not legal subjects: in our system of law, it cannot be a carrier of rights and obligations. When the animal in the industrial farming industry is denied the right to express natural or even chosen behavior, then this means animal abuse, despite the good care it receives.
What is wrong in the fishing industry?
On the face of it, there would seem to
be no objection to the consumption of fish.
Unless one is ethically against the killing
of living creatures. Nevertheless, the
objections mentioned above concerning the
consumption of meat are also valid where the
consumption of fish is concerned.
is that when trawl nets are used, not only
the targeted species of the correct size
are caught but also 70% of the catch is
thrown back overboard. This is because either
the fish are too small, the landing of which
is prohibited by law, or because the permitted
quota had already been reached, or because
the species of fish caught happens to be
commercially uninteresting. The 70% of the
catch that is dumped back into the sea is
by then crushed to death, suffocated or