Example

Circular reasoning:

A campaign will not be effective, because no one will cooperate

Appeal to power:

I hope you will never be in those circumstances

Appeal to consequences:

When you succeed, we will all pay for the consequences

Appeal to figurative arguments:

It is pointless to act, because somewhere else things are being worse

Appeal to unknown arguments:

Of course it is allowed what people do with animals, because man is smarter

Pars pro toto:

I can give you examples of situations where animals were killed but many human lives were saved

Getting personal:

You say you are pro animals, but you take advantage of them too

Appeal to authority:

I study biology and I know why animal experimentation is necessary

Appeal to ignorance:

Animals don't mind being used, because you can't prove they do

Appeal to supposed relation:

We have always used animals and that was very successful

Appeal to supposed common sense:

Most people agree with the use of animals

Appeal to compassion:

People lose their job when animals are no longer allowed to be used

Evasion of evidence:

Every sane human being knows there is nothing wrong in using animals

Distortion of arguments:

Granting rights to animals means treating them the same as humans


This article is part of a series on falsities and demagogy

Some arguments used in debate on the topics in the title simply are invalid.

That goes for pro and contra.

We selected a few of the most rigid arguments from different situations and placed an appropriate counterargument.

Because a more clear and honest way of reasoning helps improve the circumstances animals live in.

Mail us if you encounter other or new (counter)-arguments.

Apart from the specific issues there are the types of arguments in general.

Fallacies are deliberately or accidentally used in a debate. So be aware of the principles and the integrity of an opponent. Click here for tips on how to react to animal-unfriendly behavior of others.

Non-valid arguments (deceptive arguments) for different groups:

meat-eaters

vegetarians

10 myths about Vegans

factory farming

ignoring animal rights

advocating animal rights

experimentation with animals

circus

hunting for pleasure

seal hunt

mink farming

bullfighting