Example

Type of deceptive argument

A campaign will not be effective, because no one will cooperate

Circular reasoning

I hope you will never be in those circumstances

Appeal to power

When you succeed, we will all pay for the consequences

Appeal to consequences

It is pointless to act, because somewhere else things are being worse

Appeal to figurative arguments

of course it is allowed what people do with animals, because man is smarter

Appeal to unknown arguments

I can give you examples of situations where animals were killed but many human lives were saved

Pars pro toto

You say you are pro animals, but you take advantage of them too

Getting personal

I study biology and I know why animal experimentation is necessary

Appeal to authority

Animals don't mind being used, because you can't prove they do

Appeal to ignorance

We have always used animals and that was very successful

Appeal to supposed relation

Most people agree with the use of animals

Appeal to supposed common sense

People lose their job when animals are no longer allowed to be used

Appeal to compassion

Every sane human being knows there is nothing wrong in using animals

Evasion of evidence

Granting rights to animals means treating them the same as humans

Distortion of arguments

This article is part of a series on falsities and demagogy

Non-valid arguments (deceptive arguments) for different groups:

meat-eaters
vegetarians
10 myths about Vegans
factory farming
ignoring animal rights
advocating animal rights
experimentation with animals
circus
hunting for pleasure
seal hunt
mink farming
bullfighting

Some arguments used in debate on the topics in the title simply are invalid.

That goes for pro and contra.

We selected a few of the most rigid arguments from different situations and placed an appropriate counterargument.

Because a more clear and honest way of reasoning helps improve the circumstances animals live in.

Mail us if you encounter other or new (counter)-arguments.

Apart from the specific issues there are the types of arguments in general.

Fallacies are deliberately or accidentally used in a debate. So be aware of the principles and the integrity of an opponent. Click here for tips on how to react to animal-unfriendly behavior of others.